Every case is different, and the length of time usually depends on the amount of medical treatment received. A herniated disc in the back requiring surgery often requires one year away from heavy work, though some physicians recommend earlier return to work. Once the medical condition is determined to be permanent and stationary, a speedy resolution of the benefits would be 4-6 months, though many cases take a year or longer depending on the aggressiveness of the employer or insurance carrier in trying to reduce the benefits for the injured worker. The underlying case can be resolved even If the employee is still enrolled in Vocational Rehabilitation.